At around this time each year, a lot of performers preview their upcoming Edinburgh Fringe comedy shows in London.
‘Preview’ in this case is a word with many meanings. It can mean the full, finished Edinburgh show; or a jerky show with the performer reading some or all of it off notes; or some thrown-together mishmash of ideas which do not yet gel but which may yet end up as a smooth Edinburgh show in August.
I have been seeing a lot of previews recently and, earlier this week, I saw one which was fully written, rehearsed and well-performed. Unusually, the show was in a packed-to-overflowing venue and went down a storm. The audience LOVED it, as well they might, because it was skilfully crafted to appeal to them.
And, as I watched it, I saw – minute by minute, second by second – an almost 100% Edinburgh Fringe disaster unfolding before me.
The show comprised observational comedy and was tailor-made for a wide audience who could identify through their own experience with all the observations in the show. To make it even more enjoyable, there were a large number of audience participation sections – dividing the audience down the middle; that sort of stuff.
The audience loved it.
We now have a flashback to my erstwhile youth when, on big TV shows like Sunday Night at The London Palladium, major US comedy stars would be flown over to the UK and would smoothly perform their slick, tried-and-tested material… material about living in New York; material about eating turkey on Thanksgiving Day; material about mom’s apple pie.
You can see where I am going with this.
The comedian I saw this week had a very-well-put-together themed show with the linking device narrative of a trip on the Underground, visits to ‘West End’ clubs etc etc. It was not just very very English; it was utterly London-centric and almost certainly could not easily have the London elements removed and replaced with other references.
One bit was: “You know what it’s like at 12 o’clock on a Saturday on the Central Line…”
The act performing this has never, as far as I know, performed at the Edinburgh Fringe before and this is his certainly his first show there.
The first hurdle he has fallen at is Know your audience.
The last time I heard any figures, the Fringe Society reckoned that around 60% of audiences at the Edinburgh Fringe come from EH postcodes. That means that they come from Edinburgh. Not even Glasgow or Fife. Specifically Edinburgh.
Sometimes ‘newbie’ performers assume that, at the Edinburgh Fringe, they are playing to the same audiences they play to in London. They are not. They are often not even playing to English audiences. They are playing to Scottish, Irish, Welsh, Australian, American, wherever audiences. And to English audiences.
It is reasonable for the performer to assume they are British audiences because foreigners will make allowance for the fact they have come to see UK comedy.
But it is not reasonable to assume they are audiences from South East England. The show I saw would likely get right up the proverbial noses of audiences in Manchester, Liverpool, Plymouth and Newcastle let alone Edinburgh or Glasgow.
It will come across in Scotland as “yon fuckin’ wee English cunt” showing disrespect for where he is.
I have seen South London audiences turn on comedians who talk too much about life in North London.
Move that to the Scottish/English divide and magnify it 100 times. Especially at the moment.
Of course, that figure of 60% of Fringe audiences coming from EH postcodes can only be from research taken from people buying tickets for pay shows. Who knows the make-up of audiences going to free comedy shows? But it may not be much different.
And the other thing to consider is word-of-mouth.
Word-of-mouth is HUGE at the Edinburgh Fringe. Totally unheard-of acts in obscure venues can suddenly take-off and become the hottest shows in town. Or in both towns (in Edinburgh). And, if any would-be Fringe performer reading this does not know why I wrote “both towns”, then he or she has not researched the city they are playing enough.
Again, the last figures I heard from the Fringe Society were that the average Fringe visitor stays for three days.
But those are visitors to the city and the word-of-mouth between genuine visitors is highly unlikely to be vastly significant. The real word-of-mouth is what happens between the locals (remember that EH postcode) and between the media. A single 5-star review of an obscure show from Kate Copstick in The Scotsman will likely fill a venue for the whole run and ensure the rest of the media pay attention.
When those American comedians used to play sets of American-themed observational comedy on Sunday Night at The London Palladium, UK audiences felt they were being shown contempt. The Scots have never taken kindly to English comedians per se (see endless horror stories of the dangers of playing the Glasgow Empire in its heyday).
My advice to any London comedian playing the Edinburgh Fringe is:
1) Remember Edinburgh is not in England
2) The audiences you are playing to are not entirely and possibly not even predominately from England.
3) The audiences you are playing to are almost certainly not predominately from London.
4) Showing what may be perceived as contempt for your audience is never going to end well.
5) The word ‘England’ is not the same as ‘the UK’ or ‘Britain’ or ‘here’.
6) Edinburgh is north of Watford.
7) If you do not know what a ‘Weegie’ is, you may end up ‘brown bread’ on stage.